One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. How long do you take chloroquine Macular degeneration plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine HCQ trade name, Plaquenil and chloroquine CQ trade name, Aralen are drugs established in the treatment of autoimmune disease and skin disorders, but are also emerging as a treatment option in oncology and paediatric inflammatory disorders. Hydroxychloroquine HCQ has been used for therapy of rheumatologic disorders since the 1950s. Ocular toxicity associated with HCQ use was initially described in the 1960s 1, 2. The incidence of HCQ retinopathy is estimated at 1 % after consumption of HCQ for 5 years. It is marked by paracentral and central scotoma and decreased color vision. PurposeThe aim of this case series is to raise awareness of the emerging issue of serious retinal damage caused by the prolonged use of hydroxychloroquine HCQ and the importance of adequate and appropriate monitoring of visual function during treatment. Patient and methodsThis is a small retrospective case series of 3 patients on long-term HCQ who developed serious symptomatic retinal toxicity confirmed on imaging and functional testing. ResultsAll 3 patients were treated with HCQ for over. It is imperative that patients and physicians are aware of and watch for this drug’s ocular side effects. Retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is rare, but even if the medication is discontinued, vision loss may be irreversible and may continue to progress. Downes sm hydroxychloroquine retinopathy The Royal College of Ophthalmologists recommendations on., Expanded spectral domain-OCT findings in the early. Plaquenil make me itchPlaquenil side effecs An uncommon, but serious, side effect that has been attributed to hydroxychloroquine is retinopathy that can cause visual field deficits, visual disturbances, macular degeneration, decreased dark adaptation, and color vision abnormalities. 1,2 This effect is dose related and if not identified in its early stages, may be irreversible. What are the side effects of hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil.. Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy an emerging problem.. Hydroxychloroquine and the eye an old unsolved problem Eye. How to set up a Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy Screening Service. Yusuf IH, Luqmani R, Sharma SM, Downes SM. Hydroxychloroquine retinopathy an emerging problem. Eye Lond. 2017;2–6. Hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity is far more common than previously considered; an overall prevalence of 7.5% was identified in patients taking HCQ for greater than 5 years, rising to almost 20% after 20 years of treatment. This review aims to provide an update on HCQ/CQ retinopathy. Heumatologists use hydroxy- chloroquine sulfate Plaquenil, Concordia Pharmaceuticals to treat autoimmune diseases, namely discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, and malaria. When taken at high doses and for long dura- tions, hydroxychloroquine has been known to cause parafoveal retinal toxicity.